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Australia in South Africa

Feb-Apr 1997

Playing Conditions for Test Matches, One Day International Matches and Tour Matches



Index:

  • Playing conditions for The Castle Lager Test Match Series
  • Playing conditions for The Standard Bank One Day International Series and One Day Tour Matches
  • Playing conditions for First Class Tour Matches


    Except as modified for One Day Internationals and Tour Matches, these Playing Conditions shall apply to all Tour Matches

    A. THE CASTLE LAGER TEST MATCH SERIES

    1. LAWS OF CRICKET

      Except as varied hereunder the Laws of Cricket (1980 Code) Second Edition - 1992, and subsequent amendments shall apply.

    2. DURATION OF MATCHES

      Test Matches shall be of five days scheduled duration.

      Provision has been made to provide a reserve day for the first and second Test Matches in which play will take place on the scheduled reserve day, conditions and circumstances permitting, should a full day's play be lost on any of the scheduled days.

      Scheduled Days Reserve Day Test Venue
      28 Feb, 01, 02, 03, 04 Mar 05 Mar 1st Test Johannesburg
      14, 15, 16, 17, 18 Mar Not Applicable 2nd Test Port Elizabeth
      21, 22, 23, 34, 25 Mar 26 Mar 3rd Test Centurion


    3. HOURS OF PLAY, INTERVALS AND MINIMUM OVERS IN THE DAY

      3.1 START AND CESSATION TIMES

      Scheduled Start of Play 10hr30
      Scheduled Cessation of Play 17hr30

      Minimum Overs in the Day.

      (a) Play shall continue on each day until the completion of a minimum number of overs or until the scheduled or re-scheduled cessation time, whichever is the later.

      The minimum number of overs to be completed, unless an innings ends or an interruption occurs, shall be :

      (i) on days other than the last day - a minimum of 90 overs.

      (ii) on the last day - a minimum of 75 overs (or 15 overs per hour) for playing time other than the last hour when Clause (e) below shall apply.

      Additional Hour : Subject to weather and light, except in the last hour of the match, in the event of play being suspended for any reason other than normal intervals, the playing time on that day shall be extended by the amount of time lost up to a maximum of one hour. In these circumstances, the minimum number of overs to be bowled shall be in accordance with the provisions of this clause and the cessation time shall be rescheduled accordingly.

      If play has been suspended for 30 minutes or more prior to the commencement of the scheduled tea interval, the tea interval shall be delayed for half an hour.

      (b) When an innings ends a minimum number of overs shall be bowled from the start of the new innings. The number of overs to be bowled shall be calculated at the rate of one over for each full four minutes to enable a minimum of 90 overs to be bowled in a day, and the time for close of play shall be rescheduled accordingly. The last hour of the match shall be excluded from this calculation when Clause (e) shall apply.

      Where a change of innings occurs during a day's play, in the event of the team bowling second being unable to complete its overs by the scheduled cessation time, play shall continue until the required number of overs have been completed.

      Where there is a change of innings during a day's play (except at lunch or tea) 2 overs will be deducted from the minimum number of overs to be bowled.

      (c) Except in the last hour of the match, for which Clause (e) makes provision, if play is suspended due to adverse weather or light for more than one hour in aggregate on any day, the minimum number of overs shall be reduced by one over for each full 4 minutes of the aggregate playing time lost.

      (d) On the last day, if any of the minimum of 75 overs, or as recalculated, have not been bowled when one hour of scheduled playing time remains, the last hour of the match for the purposes of Clause (e) shall be the hour immediately following the completion of those overs.

      (e) Law 17.6 and 17.7 will apply except that a minimum of 15 (six ball) overs shall be bowled in the last hour and all calculations with regard to suspensions of play or the start of a new innings shall be based on one over for each full 4 minutes.

      If, however, at any time after 30 minutes of the last hour have elapsed both Captains (the batsmen at the wicket may act for their Captain) accept that there is no prospect of a result to the match, they may agree to cease play at that time.

      (f) Notwithstanding any other provision, there shall be no further play on any day, other than the last day, if a wicket falls or a batsman retires or if the players have occasion to leave the field during the last minimum over within 2 minutes of the scheduled or re-scheduled cessation time or thereafter.

      (g) An over completed on resumption of a new day's play shall be disregarded in calculating minimum overs for that day.

      (h) Except on the final day, if in the event of ground, weather or light conditions causing a suspension of play and/or if the players are already off the field at the re-scheduled cessation time or any time thereafter, stumps shall be drawn.

      (i) Fractions are to be ignored in all calculations re the number of overs.

      (j) The scoreboard shall show :

      • the total number of overs bowled with the ball currently in use : and
      • the minimum number of overs remaining to be bowled in a day.

      (k) Penalties shall apply for slow over-rates (refer ICC Code of Conduct).

      3.2 Either Captain may decide to play 30 minutes (a minimum of eight overs) extra time at the end of any day other than the last day if, in their opinion, it would bring about a definite result on that day . (This is in addition to the maximum one hour's extra time provided for in 3.1 (a) (ii) above).

      If it is decided to play such extra time on one or more of these days, the whole period shall be played out even though the possibility of finishing the match may have disappeared before the full period has expired. The time by which play is extended on any day shall be deducted from the total number of hours of play remaining, and the match shall end earlier by the amount of time by which play was previously extended.

      3.3 LUNCHEON INTERVAL

      Law 16.2 shall be replaced by the following :- The luncheon interval shall be of 40 minutes duration from 12hr30 to 13hr10. Where an innings concludes, or there is a break in play, within 10 minutes of the scheduled interval, the interval will commence at that time and be limited to 40 minutes.

      3.4 TEA INTERVAL

      The tea interval shall be of 20 minutes duration from 15hr10 to 15hr30, or at the conclusion of the over in progress at the above time subject to circumstances provided for in Law 16.3, 16.4, and 16 Note (b). Law 16.5 shall not apply.

      3.5 INTERVALS FOR DRINKS

      The provisions of Law 16.6 shall be strictly observed except that under conditions of extreme heat the Umpires may permit extra intervals for drinks.

      An individual player may be given a drink either on the boundary edge or at the fall of a wicket, on the field, provided that no playing time is wasted. No other drinks shall be taken onto the field without the permission of the Umpires. Any player taking drinks onto the field shall be dressed in proper cricket attire.

      3.6 TIME KEEPING

      A clock on the ground shall be used to regulate the hours of play and intervals. The Umpires must notify the Ground Authority which clock is to be followed, so that the spectators and representatives of the media may be informed. If the clock on the ground is out of order, the watches of the Umpires shall determine the time.

      The bell will be rung 5 minutes before the termination of an interval, when the Umpires shall go to the wickets.

    4. APPOINTMENT OF UMPIRES

      (a) The ICC will appoint one Umpire from the National Grid International Panel to stand in each Test match.

      (b) The United Cricket Board of South Africa shall appoint a Committee for the purpose of nominating the other Umpire to officiate in each Test match.

      (c) Test Match Umpires will be nominated by this Committee from those umpires officiating in first class matches during the current season.

      (d) As long as possible before each Test Match, ICC will advise the United Cricket Board of South Africa of the name of its appointee who will in turn advise the Manager of the touring team of both umpires names.

      (e) The United Cricket Board of South Africa shall also appoint a third umpire (using the procedures in (b) and (c) above who shall act as the emergency umpire and officiate in regard to TV replays.

      (f) The third umpire will officiate in regard to TV replays only when the umpires on the field have referred a decision to him in regard to hit wicket, run out, or stumping appeals.

      Either the on field or third Umpire shall be entitled to call for a TV replay to assist him in making a decision about whether the fieldsman had any part of his person in contact with the ball when he touched or crossed the boundary line or whether a four or six had been scored. (Refer to Regulation of ICC Full Members, Clause 2).

      (g) Neither team will have a right of objection to an Umpire's appointment.

    5. LAW 2 - SUBSTITUTES AND RUNNERS

      5.1 Law 2.1 will apply as modified.

      In normal circumstances, a Substitute shall be allowed to field only for a player who satisfies the Umpires that he has become injured or become ill during the match. However, in very exceptional circumstances, the Umpires may use their discretion to allow a Substitute for a player who has to leave the field or does not take the field for other wholly acceptable reasons, subject to consent being given by the opposing Captain. If a player wishes to change his shirt, boots etc., he may leave the field to do so (no changing on the field) but no Substitute will be allowed.

      5.2 Law 2.6 (Runner's Equipment) will apply as modified hereunder.

      The player acting as Runner for an injured Batsman shall at all times wear the same external clothing and protective equipment as the injured Batsman.

      5.3 Law 2.8 - Fieldsman Leaving the Field

      In place of Law 2.8, the following will apply :

      No fieldsman shall leave the field or return during a session of play without the consent of the Umpire at the bowler's end. The Umpire's consent is also necessary if a Substitute is required for a fieldsman at the start of play or when his side returns to the field after an interval. If a member of the fielding side does not take the field at the start of play, leaves the field or fails to return after an interval and is absent from the field for longer than 15 minutes :

      (i) the player shall not be permitted to bowl in that innings after his return until he has been on the field for at least that length of playing time for which he was absent. In the event of a follow-on, this restriction will, if necessary, continue into the second innings.

      (ii) the player shall not be permitted to bat unless or until, in the aggregate, he has returned to the field and/or his side's innings has been in progress for at least that length of playing time for which he has been absent or, if earlier, when his side has lost five wickets.

      The restriction in (i) and (ii) above shall not apply if the player has suffered an external blow (as opposed to an internal injury such as a pulled muscle) whilst participating earlier in the match and consequently been forced to leave the field. Nor shall it apply if a player has been absent for very exceptional and wholly acceptable reasons (other than injury or illness) and the consent for a Substitute has been granted by the opposing Captain.

      Note - In the event of a fieldsman already being off the field at the commencement of an interruption in play through ground, weather or light conditions, he shall be allowed to count any such stoppage time as playing time, provided that he personally informs the Umpires when he is fit enough to take the field had play been in progress.

    6. LAW 3.8 - FITNESS OF GROUND, WEATHER AND LIGHT

      (a) The Umpires shall be the sole judges of the fitness of the ground, weather and light for play.

      (i) The Umpires will suspend, or continue to suspend play for bad light when they consider that there is a risk of serious physical injury to the batsman. Amongst the facts to be considered are background, sight screens and the type of bowling. Before deciding to suspend play, or not to resume play after an interval on account of bad light (but for no other reason), the Umpire shall establish whether the Captain of the batting team (the batsmen at the wicket may deputise for their Captain) wishes to continue in unfit conditions; if so, his wishes shall be met.

      (ii) In addition, if during play, the umpires decide that the light is unfit, only the batting side shall have the option of continuing play. After agreeing to continue to play in unfit light conditions, the captain of the batting side (or a batsman at the wicket) may appeal against the light to the umpires who shall uphold the appeal only if, in their opinion, the light has deteriorated since the agreement to continue was made or, as a consequence of a change of bowler, if batting conditions have become more dangerous.

      (ii) The umpires shall disregard any shadow on the pitch from the stadium or from any permanent object on the ground.

      (b) After any suspension of play, the umpires, unaccompanied by any of the players or officials, shall, on their own initiative, carry out an inspection immediately the conditions improve and shall continue to inspect at intervals. Immediately the umpires decide that play is possible they shall call upon the players to resume the game.

    7. LAW 5 - THE BALL

      Kookaburra "Turf" cricket balls of an approved standard for Test cricket shall be used, and spare used balls for changing during a match which shall also be of the same brand. The fielding Captain or his nominee may select the ball with which he wishes to bowl from a supply provided. Such a selection must take place in the presence of the Referee.

      The Umpires shall retain possession of the match ball(s) throughout the duration of the match when play is not actually taking place. During play Umpires shall periodically and irregularly inspect the condition of the ball and shall retain possession of it at the fall of a wicket, a drinks interval, at the end of each over, or any other disruption in play.

      Law 5.4 - New Ball

      The Captain of the fielding side shall have the choice of taking a new ball any time after 80 overs have been bowled with the previous ball.

      Law 5.5 - Ball Lost or Becoming Unfit for Play

      In the event of a ball during play being lost or, in the opinion of the Umpires, being unfit for play through normal use, the Umpires shall allow it to be replaced by one that in their opinion has had a similar amount of wear. If the ball is to be replaced, the Umpires shall inform the Batsmen.

    8. LAW 6 - THE BAT

      Law 6.1 will apply as modified :

      The bat overall shall not be more than 38 inches/96,5 cm in length ; the blade of the bat shall be made of wood, shall have a conventional "flat" face and shall not exceed 4 inches/10,8 cm at the widest part

    9. LAW 7 - THE PITCH

      In addition to Law 7.2, the following will apply :

      Captains, Umpires, Referee and Groundsmen should co-operate to ensure that, prior to the start of any day's play, no-one bounces the ball on the pitch or strikes it with a bat to assess its condition or for any other reason, or causes damage to the pitch in any other way.

      Prior to the start of play on any day, only the Captain and team Coach may walk on the pitch to assess its condition. Spiked footwear is not permitted.

      Prior to the commencement of a day's play, one TV commentator and camera crew of the official licensed TV broadcaster/s (but not news crew) may be permitted to inspect the pitch and surrounds subject to the following :

      • a ball must not be bounced on the pitch
      • a key or knife may only be inserted in the pitch in the area between the popping and bowling creases

      In the event of any dispute, the Referee in consultation with the United Cricket Board of South Africa will rule and his ruling will be final

    10. LAW 9.2 - THE POPPING CREASE

      Law 9.2 shall apply, except that the reference to "a minimum of 6ft." shall be replaced by "a minimum of 15 yards" (13,72 metres).

    11. LAW 10 - ROLLING, SWEEPING, MOWING, WATERING THE PITCH

      10.1 - Rolling of the Pitch

      Law 10.1 will apply, but add the following sentence to the first paragraph :

      However, if in the opinion of the Umpires, the delay has had no significant effect upon the state of the pitch, they shall refuse any request for the rolling of the pitch.

      In addition, the Umpires are empowered to authorise the Groundsman to roll, sweep and otherwise treat the pitch by such manner and means which they, bearing in mind the advice of the Groundsman, consider will return the state of the pitch as near as possible to that pertaining when the choice of innings was made.

      10.3 (d) - Mowing of the Outfield

      The outfield shall be mown daily before play begins.

      10.6 - Maintenance of Foot-Holes

      Law 10.6 will apply but add :

      The Umpires shall see that wherever possible and whenever it is considered necessary, action is taken during all intervals in play to do whatever is practicable to improve the bowler's foot holes. As soon as possible after the conclusion of each day's play, bowlers foot holes will be repaired.

    12. LAW 11 - COVERING THE PITCH - BEFORE AND DURING A MATCH

      In place of Law 11.1 and 11.2, the following shall apply :

      In all matches, the pitch shall be entirely protected against rain up to the commencement of play and for the duration of the period of the match. It shall be wholly covered at the termination of each day's play or providing the weather is fine, within a period of two hours thereafter.

      The covers shall be removed no earlier than 5.00am and no later than 7.00am on each morning of the match provided it is not raining at the time, but they will be replaced if rain falls prior to the commencement of play.

      Note : the covers must totally protect the pitch and also the pitch surroundings, a minimum 5 metres either side of the pitch and any worn or soft areas in the outfield, as well as the bowler's run-ups to a distance of at least 10 x 10 metres.

      Attention is drawn to Law 3 Note (c) and Law 11.3.

    13. DRYING OF PITCH AND GROUND

      (a) Prior to tossing for choice of innings the artificial drying of the pitch and outfield shall be at the discretion of the Groundsman. Thereafter and throughout the match the drying of the outfield may be undertaken at any time by the Groundsman, but the drying of the affected area of the pitch shall be carried out only on the instructions and under the supervision of the Umpires. The Umpires shall be empowered to have the pitch dried without reference to the Captains at any time they are of the opinion that it is unfit for play.

      (b) The Umpires may instruct the Groundsman to use any available equipment, including any roller for the purpose of drying the pitch and making it fit for play.

      Note - an absorbent roller may be used to remove water from the covers including the cover on the match pitch.

    14. LAW 15.2 - PRACTICE ON THE FIELD

      At no time on any day of the match shall there be any bowling or batting practice on the pitch or the square, except in official netted practice pitch areas. In addition there shall be no bowling or batting practice on any part of the square or the area immediately parallel to the match pitch after the commencement of play on any day. Any fieldsman contravening this Law may not bowl his next over.

      No practice may take place on the field if, in the opinion of the Umpires, it could result in a waste of time.

    15. LAW 19 - BOUNDARIES

      15.1 The boundary shall be the rope inside the fence. The pitch shall be a minimum 60 yards (54,86 metres) from one boundary square of the pitch. When the minimum distance is used, the pitch has to be a minimum 80 yards (73,15 metres) from the opposite square boundary. The straight boundary at both ends of the pitch shall be a minimum of 60 yards (54,86 metres). Distances shall be measured from the centre of the pitch to be used.

      If an unauthorised person enters the playing arena and handles the ball, the Umpire at the bowler's end shall be the sole judge of whether the boundary allowance should be scored and the ball be treated as still in play or called dead ball if a batsman is liable to be out as a result of the unauthorised person handling the ball.

      15.2 Sight screens shall be provided at both ends of all grounds. Advertising shall be permitted on the sight screen behind the striker, providing it is removed for the subsequent over from that end.

    16. LAW 22.7 - BOWLER INCAPACITATED OR SUSPENDED DURING AN OVER

      The following shall apply in place of Law 22.7 :

      If for any reason, a Bowler is incapacitated while running up to bowl the first ball of an over, or is incapacitated or suspended during an over, the Umpire shall call and signal "dead ball" and another bowler shall bowl or complete the over from the same end, provided only that he shall not bowl two overs, or part thereof, consecutively in one innings.

    17. LAW 24.1 - NO BALL - MODE OF DELIVERY

      Law 24.1 will apply except that the bowler may not deliver the ball underarm. If a bowler bowls a ball underarm the umpire shall call and signal dead ball.

      In addition, the Umpire at the bowler's end shall call and signal "no ball" if a ball which the Umpire considers to have been delivered :

      (i) bounces more than twice or

      (ii) rolls along the ground or

      (iii) comes to rest

      before it reaches the striker or, if not otherwise played by the striker, before it reaches the popping crease. If the ball comes to rest in such circumstances, the Umpire will call No Ball and Law 25.3 shall apply.

    18. LAW 24.2 - FAIR DELIVERY - THE ARM

      Law 24.2 shall apply with the following :

      The umpire shall also adopt the procedures of caution, final warning, action against the Bowler and reporting as set out in Law 42.8.

    19. LAW 24.8 - PENALTY

      Except as provided for in Clause 23 (the bowling of fast short pitched balls), Law 24.8 shall apply.

    20. LAW 24.8 AND 25.6 - NO BALL PENALTY AND RUNS RESULTING FROM A WIDE

      In addition, the following shall apply :

      No balls and wide balls not scored from shall be included in the bowling analysis of the bowler responsible.

    21. LAW 30 - BOWLED

      The following shall apply in place of Law 30.1 (b)

      He plays the ball, or if it touches his person, then hits or kicks it into and breaks his wicket and in the Umpire's judgement an attempt to protect the wicket has been made, the striker will be given out on appeal - bowled. Completion of the stroke will not be considered if an attempt is made to protect the wicket. See Law 34.1 (Out - Hit the Ball Twice).

    22. HELMETS (AND PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT)

      In addition to Laws 23.1 (e), 32.2 (e), 38 Note (c) and 41.4 the following shall apply :

      The striker is out under this Law if the ball is deflected from his bat onto his own protective helmet and he is subsequently caught. Runs may be scored off deflections from the batsman's or fielder's helmet.

      A batsman may call for a helmet to be brought out to him at any time. He must then wear or carry it personally all the time while play is in progress, or can have it taken off the field at the fall of a wicket, or at the end of an over, or at any drinks interval.

      In all cases, no actions involving helmets are to waste playing time. Umpires are not to hold helmets.

      The exchanging of protective equipment between members of the fielding side on the field shall be permitted provided that the Umpires do not consider that it constitutes a waste of playing time. A batsman may only change other items of protective equipment (e.g. batting gloves, etc.) provided that there is no waste of playing time.

    23. LAW 42.4 - (LIFTING THE SEAM) AND 42.5 - (CHANGING THE CONDITION OF THE BALL)

      In the event that a ball has been interfered with and requires replacement the batsman at the wicket shall choose the replacement ball from a selection of six other balls of various degrees of usage (including a new ball) and of the same brand as the ball in use prior to the contravention.

    24. LAW 42.8 - THE BOWLING OF FAST SHORT PITCHED BALLS

      24.1 Experimental Condition (3 Years from October 1994).

      (a) A bowler shall be limited to two fast short pitched deliveries per over.

      (b) A fast short pitched ball is defined as a ball which passes or would have passed above the shoulder height of the Batsman standing upright at the crease.

      (c) In the event of a bowler bowling more than two fast short pitched deliveries in an over, either umpire shall call and signal no ball on each occasion.

      (d) The penalty for a fast short pitched no ball shall be two runs, plus any runs scored from the delivery.

      (e) A differential signal shall be used to signify a fast short pitched delivery. The Umpire shall call and signal "no ball" and then raise the other arm across the chest.

      Where a bowler delivers a third fast short pitched ball in one over which is also a no-ball under Law 24 e.g. a front foot no-ball, the penalty will be 2 runs plus any runs scored from that delivery i.e. the greater penalty will apply.

      If a bowler delivers a third fast short pitched ball in an over, not only must the umpire call no ball, but he must invoke the procedures of Law 42.8 (a) in regard to cautioning the bowler.

      If a bowler is no balled a second time in the innings for the same offence, the umpire shall advise the bowler this is his final warning as provided for in Law 42.8 (b).

      A third such offence in the same innings shall cause the umpire to invoke Law 42.8 (d) i.e. the bowler shall be removed forthwith and cannot bowl again in that innings.

      The above Regulation is not a substitute for Law 42.8 (as amended below) which umpires are able to apply at any time.

      24.2 Law 42.8 (as amended experimentally)

      The bowling of fast short pitched balls is unfair if the Umpire at the Bowler's end considers that by their repetition and taking into account their length, height and direction, they are likely to inflict physical injury on the Striker, irrespective of the protective clothing and equipment he may be wearing. The relative skill of the Striker shall also be taken into consideration.

      In the event of such unfair bowling. the Umpire at the Bowler's end shall adopt the following procedure:

      (a) In the first instance the Umpire shall call and signal no ball, caution the Bowler and inform the other Umpire, the Captain of the fielding side and the Batsmen of what has occurred.

      (b) If this caution is ineffective, he shall repeat the above procedure and indicate to the Bowler that this is a final warning.

      (c) Both the above caution and final warning shall continue to apply even though the Bowler may later change ends.

      (d) Should the above warnings prove ineffective the Umpire at the Bowler's end shall :

      (i) At the first repetition call and signal no ball and when the ball is dead direct the Captain to take the Bowler off forthwith and to complete the over with another Bowler, provided that the Bowler does not bowl two overs or part thereof consecutively. See Law 22.7. (Bowler Incapacitated or Suspended during an Over).

      (ii) Not allow the Bowler, thus taken off, to bowl again in the same innings.

      (iii) Report the occurrence to the Captain of the batting side as soon as the Players leave the field for an interval.

      (iv) Report the occurrence to the Executive of the fielding side and to any governing body responsible for the match who shall take any further action which is considered to be appropriate against the Bowler concerned.

    25. LAW 42.9 - THE BOWLING OF FAST, HIGH, FULL PITCHED BALLS

      Law 42.9 shall be replaced by the following :

      The bowling of fast high full pitched balls is unfair.

      A fast high full pitched ball shall be defined as a ball that passes, or would have passed, on the full above waist height of the Batsman standing upright at the crease. Should a Bowler bowl a fast high pitched ball, either Umpire shall call and signal no ball.

      In the event of such unfair bowling the Umpire at the Bowler's end shall adopt the procedures of caution, final warning, action against the Bowler and reporting as set out in Law 42.8.

    26. LAW 42 NOTE (c) - DANGER AREA

      Law 42 Note (c) shall apply except that the reference to "4ft." shall be replaced by "5ft." (1,52 metres).

    27. "HITTING UP"

      Teams are required to observe Ground Authority regulations and to exercise the utmost care and caution when engaging in practice and pre-match warm-up and "hitting-up" activities so as to avoid the risk of injury to members of the public, damage to the centre wicket region and to perimeter fencing.

    B. THE STANDARD BANK ONE DAY INTERNATIONAL SERIES AND ONE DAY TOUR MATCHES

    The Test Match Playing Conditions shall apply except where varied below.

    1. DURATION OF MATCHES

      One Day Matches shall be of one day's scheduled duration. Provision has been made in which an incomplete match may be replayed (but not continued from the scheduled day). The matches will consist of one innings per side and each innings will be limited to 50 six-ball overs. A minimum of 25 overs per team shall constitute a match. No provision is made for a reserve day in the case of One-Day Tour matches.

    2. HOURS OF PLAY, INTERVALS AND MINIMUM OVERS IN THE DAY

      2.1 START AND CESSATION TIMES

      Day/Night Matches Day Matches

        Day/Night Matches Day Matches
      First Session 14hr30 - 18hr00 10hr00 - 13hr30
      Interval 18hr00 - 18hr45 13hr30 - 14hr15
      Second Session 18hr45 - 22hr15 14hr15 - 17hr45

      2.2 INTERVAL BETWEEN INNINGS

      The innings of the team batting second shall not commence before the scheduled time for commencement of the second session unless the team batting first has completed its innings at least 30 minutes prior to the scheduled interval, in which case a 10 minute break will occur and the team batting second will commence its innings and the interval will occur as scheduled.

      Where play is delayed or interrupted the Umpires will reduce the length of the interval as follows :-

      Time Lost Interval

      Up to 60 minutes 30 minutes
      Between 60 and 120 minutes 20 minutes
      More than 120 minutes 10 minutes

      Note : Refer also to the provisions of Clause 4.2.

      2.3 INTERVALS FOR DRINKS

      Two drinks breaks per session are permitted, each 1 hour and 10 minutes apart.

      The provisions of Law 16.6 shall be strictly observed except that under conditions of extreme heat the Umpires may permit extra intervals for drinks.

      An individual player may be given a drink either on the boundary edge or at the fall of a wicket, on the field, provided that no playing time is wasted.

      No other drinks shall be taken onto the field without the permission of the Umpires.

      Any player taking drinks onto the field shall be dressed in proper cricket attire.

      2.4 EXTRA TIME

      In a match where the start is delayed or play is suspended, the hours of play shall be extended up to a maximum of one hour.

    3. APPOINTMENT OF UMPIRES

      The United Cricket Board of South Africa shall appoint Umpires from those umpires officiating in first class matches during the current season.

    4. LENGTH OF INNINGS

      4.1 UNINTERRUPTED MATCHES

      (a) Each team shall bat for 50 (6-ball overs) unless all out earlier. A team shall not be permitted to declare its innings closed.

      (b) If the team fielding first fails to bowl the required number of overs by the scheduled time for cessation of the first session, play shall continue until the required number of overs has been bowled.

      Unless otherwise determined by the Referee, the innings of the team batting second shall be limited to the same number of overs bowled by it, at the scheduled time for cessation of the first session. The over in progress at the scheduled cessation time shall count as a completed over.

      The interval shall not be extended and the second session shall commence at the scheduled time.

      The Referee may increase the number of overs to be bowled by the team bowling second if, after consultation with the Umpires he is of the opinion that events beyond the control of the bowling team prevented that team from bowling the required number of overs by the scheduled time for cessation of the innings of the team batting first.

      (c) If the team batting first is all out and the last wicket falls at or after the scheduled time for the interval, the innings of the team batting second shall be limited to the same number of overs bowled to the team batting first at the scheduled time for the interval (the over in which the last wicket falls to count as a complete over).

      (d) If the team batting first is dismissed in less than 50 overs, the team batting second shall be entitled to bat for 50 overs except as provided in (c) above.

      (e) If the team fielding second fails to bowl 50 overs or the number of overs as provided in 4.1 (b), (c) or (d) by the scheduled cessation time, the hours of play shall be extended until the required number of overs has been bowled or a result achieved.

      (f) Penalties shall apply for slow over-rates (refer ICC Code of Conduct).

      4.2 DELAYED OR INTERRUPTED MATCHES

      4.2.1 General

      (a) The object shall always be to rearrange the number of overs so that both teams have the opportunity of batting for the same number of overs. A team shall not be permitted to declare its innings closed.

      A minimum 25 overs have to be bowled to the side batting second to constitute a match subject to the provisions of Clause 4.1(b).

      The calculation of the number of overs to be bowled shall be based on an average rate of 15 overs per hour in the total time available for play. The first 60 minutes of playing time lost shall not be taken into account, and the hours of play shall be extended up to a maximum of 60 minutes. If a reduction of the number of overs is required, any recalculation must not cause the match to be rescheduled to finish earlier than the original cessation time. This time may be extended to allow for one extra over for both teams to be added if required.

      (b) If the team fielding second fails to bowl the required number of overs by the scheduled cessation time, the hours of play shall be extended until the overs have been bowled or a result achieved.

      (c) The team batting second shall not bat for a greater number of overs than the team batting first unless the latter has been all out in less than the agreed number of overs.

      (d) Fractions are to be ignored in all calculations re the number of overs.

      4.2.2 Delay or Interruption to the Innings of the Team Batting First

      (a) If the number of overs of the team batting first is reduced, a fixed time will be specified for the completion of the first session, as calculated by applying the provisions of Clauses 2.2 and 4.2.1 (a).

      (b) If the team fielding first fails to bowl the required number of overs by the scheduled time for cessation of the first session, play shall continue until the required number of overs has been bowled, and Clause 4.1 (b) shall apply.

      (c) If the team fielding first is all out and the last wicket falls at or after the scheduled time for the interval Clause 4.1 (c) shall apply.

      4.2.3 Delay or Interruption to the Innings of the Team Batting Second

      (a) If it is not possible for the team batting second to have the opportunity of batting for the same number of overs as the team batting first, the overs to be bowled shall be reduced at the rate of one over per 4 minutes of the actual playing time lost in excess of 60 minutes.

      NOTE :

      Umpires will notify the Home Authority of the time of resumption of play, following any delay or suspension, immediately they have reached a decision. The Home Authority will be responsible for notifying the decision of the Umpires immediately to Broadcasters, Press and the Public.

    5. RESTRICTIONS ON THE PLACEMENT OF FIELDSMEN

      Two semi circles shall be drawn on the field of play. The semi circles have as their centre the middle stump at either end of the pitch. The radius of each of the semi circles is 27,5 metres. The ends of each semi circle are joined to the other by a straight line drawn on the field on the same side of the pitch.

      The field restriction area should be marked by continuous painted white lines or 'dots' at 4,5 metre intervals, each 'dot' to be covered by a white plastic or rubber (but not metal) disc measuring 18 cm. in diameter.

      At the instant of delivery, there may not be more than five fieldsmen on the leg side.

      For the first 15 overs only two fieldsmen are permitted to be outside the field restriction marking at the instant of delivery. For the remaining overs only five fieldsmen are permitted to be outside the field restriction marking at the instant of delivery

      Two inner circles shall be drawn on the field of play. The circles have as their centres the centre point of the popping crease at either end of the pitch. The radius of each of the circles is 13,72 metres. The field restriction area should be marked by 'dots'. The segment of the circles reserved for the slip positions shall not be demarcated. (Refer attached Appendix 1).

      In the first 15 overs there must be a minimum of two stationary fieldsmen within the 13.72 metres field restriction of the striker at the instant of delivery. The two stationary fieldsmen may be permitted to stand deeper than 13,72 metres (in the undemarcated area) provided only that they are standing in orthodox slip positions.

      Where play is delayed or interrupted affecting the innings of either team and the total number of overs available is reduced, the number of overs in regard to field restrictions shall be reduced proportionately in the ratio of 15:50 (30%) in accordance with the table below. Fractions are to be ignored.

      Total overs in innings Number of overs for which field restrictions will apply
      50-49 15
      48-45 14
      44-42 13
      41-39 12
      38-35 11
      34-32 10
      31-29 9
      28-25 8

      In the event of an infringement, the square leg Umpire shall call and signal no ball.

    6. NUMBER OF OVERS PER BOWLER

      No bowler shall bowl more than 10 (6 ball) overs in an innings.

      In a delayed or interrupted match where the overs are reduced for both teams or for the team bowling second, no bowler may bowl more than one-fifth of the total overs allowed. This restriction shall not apply to the team fielding second where the provisions of Clause 4.1 (b) have been applied.

      Where the total overs is not divisible by 5, one additional over shall be allowed to the maximum number per bowler necessary to make up the balance.

      In the event of a bowler breaking down and being unable to complete an over, the remaining balls will be bowled by another bowler. Such part of an over will count as a full over only in so far as each bowler's limit is concerned.

      The scoreboard shall show the total number of overs bowled and the number of overs bowled by each bowler.

    7. NO BALL

      Short Pitched Bowling - if the ball passes or would have passed above the shoulder height of the striker standing upright at the crease, either Umpire shall call and signal no ball.

    8. WIDE BOWLING - JUDGING A WIDE

      Umpires are instructed to apply a very strict and consistent interpretation in regard to this Law in order to prevent negative bowling wide of the wicket.

      Any offside or legside delivery which in the opinion of the Umpire does not give the batsman a reasonable opportunity to score shall be called a wide. As a guide, on the leg side a ball landing clearly outside the leg stump going further away shall be called wide.

    9. THE BALL

      White Kookaburra "Turf" balls shall be used. The Home Province shall provide at least 6 new balls which shall be presented by the Umpires to the fielding captain before each innings for selection of the ball to be used in that innings. The Home Province shall provide at least 6 used balls, of the same make and type as the new balls, for use as replacements where necessary. In accordance with Law 5.2 all balls used in matches shall be approved by the Umpires and Captains before the start of the match.

      White balls will be used in all matches, including day matches.

      Each fielding team shall have one new ball for its innings.

      In the event of a ball becoming wet and soggy as a result of play continuing in inclement weather or it being affected by dew, or a white ball becoming significantly discoloured and in the opinion of the Umpires being unfit for play, the ball may be replaced for a ball that has had a similar amount of wear, even though it has not gone out of shape.

      Either bowler or batsman may raise the matter with the Umpires and the Umpires decision as to a replacement or otherwise will be final.

    10. THE RESULT

      10.1 A result can be achieved only if both teams have had the opportunity of batting for at least 25 overs, subject to the provisions of Clauses 4.1 (b) and 4.2.2 (b), unless one team has been all out in less than 25 overs or unless the team batting second scores enough runs to win in less than 25 overs.

      All matches in which both teams have not had an opportunity of batting for a minimum of 25 overs, shall be declared no result.

      10.2 In matches in which both teams have had the opportunity of batting for the agreed number of overs, subject to the provisions of Clauses 4.1 (b) and 4.2.2 (b), the team scoring the higher number of runs shall be the winner. If the scores are equal, the result shall be a tie and no account shall be taken of the number of wickets which have fallen.

      10.3 Delayed or Interrupted matches - Calculation of the Target Score

      Refer Appendix 2

    11. DAY/NIGHT MATCHES (a) Pads and players' and umpires clothing shall be coloured.

      (b) Sight screens will be black.

      (c) If during a day/night match, or a day match played with black sightscreens and white balls, in the opinion of the Umpires, natural light is deteriorating to an unfit level, they may authorise the Ground Authority to use the available artificial lighting so that the match can continue in acceptable conditions.


    C. FIRST CLASS TOUR MATCHES

    1. LAWS

      Except as varied hereunder the Laws of Cricket (1980 Code) Second Edition - 1992, and subsequent amendments shall apply.
    2. DURATION OF MATCHES

      Tour Matches shall be of three or four days scheduled duration as arranged in the Tour Programme authorised by the United Cricket Board of South Africa.

    3. HOURS OF PLAY, INTERVALS AND MINIMUM OVERS IN THE DAY

      3.1 START AND CESSATION TIMES

      15, 16, 17 February 1996 versus Western Province Cape Town

        First Session Second Session Third Session
      Sat 15 11hr30 - 13hr40 14hr20 - 16hr30 16hr50 - 19hr00
      Sun 16 09hr30 - 11hr40 12hr20 - 14hr30 14hr50 - 17hr00
      Mon 17 11hr30 - 13hr40 14hr20 - 16hr30 16hr50 - 19hr00

      20, 21, 22, 23 February 1996 versus Natal Durban

      First Session Second Session Third Session
      10hr00 - 12hr00 12hr40 - 14hr40 15hr00 - 17hr00

      07, 08, 09 March 1996 versus Border East London

      First Session Second Session Third Session
      10hr00 - 12hr10 12hr50 - 15hr00 15hr20 - 17hr30

      Minimum Overs in the Day.

      (a) Play shall continue on each day until the completion of a minimum number of overs or until the scheduled or re-scheduled cessation time, whichever is the later. The minimum number of overs to be completed, unless an innings ends or an interruption occurs, shall be :

      (i) on days other than the last day - a minimum of 104 overs. (96 overs in the case of the match played in Durban)

      (ii) on the last day - a minimum of 88 overs (or 16 overs per hour) (80 overs in the case of the match played in Durban for playing time other than the last hour when Clause (e) below shall apply.

      Additional 30 Minutes : Subject to weather and light, except in the last hour of the match, in the event of play being suspended for any reason other than normal intervals, the playing time on that day shall be extended by the amount of time lost up to a maximum of 30 minutes. In these circumstances, the minimum number of overs to be bowled shall be in accordance with the provisions of this clause and the cessation time shall be rescheduled accordingly.

      If play has been suspended for 30 minutes or more prior to the commencement of the scheduled tea interval, the tea interval shall be delayed for half an hour.

      (b) When an innings ends a minimum number of overs shall be bowled from the start of the new innings. The number of overs to be bowled shall be calculated at the rate of one over for each full 3 minutes to enable a minimum of 104 overs (96 overs in the case of the match played in Durban) to be bowled in a day, and the time for close of play shall be rescheduled accordingly. The last hour of the match shall be excluded from this calculation when Clause (e) shall apply.

      Where a change of innings occurs during a day's play, in the event of the team bowling second being unable to complete its overs by the scheduled cessation time, play shall continue until the required number of overs have been completed.

      Where there is a change of innings during a day's play (except at lunch or tea) 2 overs will be deducted from the minimum number of overs to be bowled.

      (c) Except in the last hour of the match, for which Clause (e) makes provision, if play is suspended due to adverse weather or light for more than 30 minutes in aggregate on any day, the minimum number of overs shall be reduced by one over for each full 3 minutes of the aggregate playing time lost.

      (d) On the last day, if any of the minimum of 88 overs, (80 overs in the case of the match played in Durban) or as recalculated, have not been bowled when one hour of scheduled playing time remains, the last hour of the match for the purposes of Clause (e) shall be the hour immediately following the completion of those overs.

      (e) Law 17.6 and 17.7 will apply except that a minimum of 16 (six ball) overs shall be bowled in the last hour and all calculations with regard to suspensions of play or the start of a new innings shall be based on one over for each full 3 minutes.

      If, however, at any time after 30 minutes of the last hour have elapsed both Captains (the batsmen at the wicket may act for their Captain) accept that there is no prospect of a result to the match, they may agree to cease play at that time.

      (f) Notwithstanding any other provision, there shall be no further play on any day, other than the last day, if a wicket falls or a batsman retires or if the players have occasion to leave the field during the last minimum over within 2 minutes of the scheduled or re-scheduled cessation time or thereafter.

      (g) An over completed on resumption of a new day's play shall be disregarded in calculating minimum overs for that day.

      (h) Except on the final day, if in the event of ground, weather or light conditions causing a suspension of play and/or if the players are already off the field at the re-scheduled cessation time or any time thereafter, stumps shall be drawn.

      (i) Fractions are to be ignored in all calculations re the number of overs.

      (j) The scoreboard shall show :

      • the total number of overs bowled with the ball currently in use : and
      • the minimum number of overs remaining to be bowled in a day.

      3.2 Either Captain may decide to play 30 minutes (a minimum of eight overs) extra time at the end of any day other than the last day if, in their opinion, it would bring about a definite result on that day. (This is in addition to the maximum of 30 minutes extra time provided for in 3.1 (a) (ii) above).

      If it is decided to play such extra time on one or more of these days, the whole period shall be played out even though the possibility of finishing the match may have disappeared before the full period has expired. The time by which play is extended on any day shall be deducted from the total number of hours of play remaining, and the match shall end earlier by the amount of time by which play was previously extended.

      3.3 LUNCHEON INTERVAL

      Law 16.2 shall be replaced by the following :- The luncheon interval shall be of 40 minutes duration from 12hr10 to 12hr50 (Refer Clause 3.1 for the matches played in Cape Town and Durban). Where an innings concludes, or there is a break in play, within 10 minutes of the scheduled interval, the interval will commence at that time and be limited to 40 minutes.

      3.4 TEA INTERVAL

      The tea interval shall be of 20 minutes duration from 15hr00 to 15hr20 (Refer Clause 3.1 for the matches played in Cape Town and Durban) or at the conclusion of the over in progress at the above time subject to circumstances provided for in Law 16.3, 16.4 and 16 Note (b). Law 16.5 shall not apply.

      3.5 INTERVALS FOR DRINKS

      The provisions of Law 16.6 shall be strictly observed except that under conditions of extreme heat the Umpires may permit extra intervals for drinks.

      An individual player may be given a drink either on the boundary edge or at the fall of a wicket, on the field, provided that no playing time is wasted. No other drinks shall be taken onto the field without the permission of the Umpires. Any player taking drinks onto the field shall be dressed in proper cricket attire.

      3.6 TIME KEEPING

      A clock on the ground shall be used to regulate the hours of play and intervals. The Umpires must notify the Ground Authority which clock is to be followed, so that the spectators and representatives of the media may be informed. If the clock on the ground is out of order, the watches of the Umpires shall determine the time.

      The bell will be rung 5 minutes before the termination of an interval, when the Umpires shall go to the wickets.

    4. APPOINTMENT OF UMPIRES

      (a) The United Cricket Board of South Africa shall appoint Umpires from those umpires officiating in first class matches during the current season.

      (b) The United Cricket Board of South Africa shall also appoint a third Umpire who shall act as the emergency umpire and shall also officiate in regard to TV replays in those matches which are being televised.

      (c) Neither team will have a right of objection to an Umpire's appointment.

    5. LAW 2 - SUBSTITUTES AND RUNNERS

      5.1 Law 2.1 will apply as modified.

      In normal circumstances, a Substitute shall be allowed to field only for a player who satisfies the Umpires that he has become injured or become ill during the match. However, in very exceptional circumstances, the Umpires may use their discretion to allow a Substitute for a player who has to leave the field or does not take the field for other wholly acceptable reasons, subject to consent being given by the opposing Captain. If a player wishes to change his shirt, boots etc., he may leave the field to do so (no changing on the field) but no Substitute will be allowed.

      5.2 Law 2.6 (Runner's Equipment) will apply as modified hereunder.

      The player acting as Runner for an injured Batsman shall at all times wear the same external clothing and protective equipment as the injured Batsman.

      5.3 Law 2.8 - Fieldsman Leaving the Field

      In place of Law 2.8, the following Experimental Law will apply :

      No fieldsman shall leave the field or return during a session of play without the consent of the Umpire at the bowler's end. The Umpire's consent is also necessary if a Substitute is required for a fieldsman at the start of play or when his side returns to the field after an interval. If a member of the fielding side does not take the field at the start of play, leaves the field or fails to return after an interval and is absent from the field for longer than 15 minutes :

      (i) the player shall not be permitted to bowl in that innings after his return until he has been on the field for at least that length of playing time for which he was absent. In the event of a follow-on, this restriction will carry over into the second innings.

      (ii) the player shall not be permitted to bat unless or until, in the aggregate, he has returned to the field and/or his side's innings has been in progress for at least that length of playing time for which he has been absent or, if earlier, when his side has lost five wickets.

      The restriction in (i) and (ii) above shall not apply if the player has suffered an external blow (as opposed to an internal injury such as a pulled muscle) whilst participating earlier in the match and consequently been forced to leave the field. Nor shall it apply if a player has been absent for very exceptional and wholly acceptable reasons (other than injury or illness) and the consent for a Substitute has been granted by the opposing Captain.

      Note - In the event of a fieldsman already being off the field at the commencement of an interruption in play through ground, weather or light conditions, he shall be allowed to count any such stoppage time as playing time, provided that he personally informs the Umpires when he is fit enough to take the field had play been in progress.

    6. LAW 3.8 - FITNESS OF GROUND, WEATHER AND LIGHT

      (a) The Umpires shall be the sole judges of the fitness of the ground, weather and light for play.

      (i) The Umpires will suspend, or continue to suspend play for bad light when they consider that there is a risk of serious physical injury to the batsman. Amongst the facts to be considered are background, sight screens and the type of bowling. Before deciding to suspend play, or not to resume play after an interval on account of bad light (but for no other reason), the Umpire shall establish whether the Captain of the batting team (the batsmen at the wicket may deputise for their Captain) wishes to continue in unfit conditions; if so, his wishes shall be met.

      (ii) In addition, if during play, the umpires decide that the light is unfit, only the batting side shall have the option of continuing play. After agreeing to continue to play in unfit light conditions, the captain of the batting side (or a batsman at the wicket) may appeal against the light to the umpires who shall uphold the appeal only if, in their opinion, the light has deteriorated since the agreement to continue was made or, as a consequence of a change of bowler, if batting conditions have become more dangerous.

      Note - The umpires shall disregard any shadow on the pitch from the stadium or any permanent object on the ground.

      (b) After any suspension of play, the umpires, unaccompanied by any of the players or officials, shall, on their own initiative, carry out an inspection immediately the conditions improve and shall continue to inspect at intervals. Immediately the umpires decide that play is possible they shall call upon the players to resume the game.

    7. LAW 5 - THE BALL

      Kookaburra "Turf" cricket balls of an approved standard for Test cricket shall be used, and spare balls for changing during a match which shall also be of the same brand.

      The Umpires shall retain possession of the match ball(s) throughout the duration of the match when play is not actually taking place. During play Umpires shall periodically and irregularly inspect the condition of the ball and shall retain possession of it at the fall of a wicket, a drinks interval, at the end of each over, or any other disruption in play.

      Law 5.4 - New Ball

      The Captain of the fielding side shall have the choice of taking a new ball any time after 80 overs have been bowled with the previous ball.

      Law 5.5 - Ball Lost or Becoming Unfit for Play

      In the event of a ball during play being lost or, in the opinion of the Umpires, being unfit for play through normal use, the Umpires shall allow it to be replaced by one that in their opinion has had a similar amount of wear. If the ball is to be replaced, the Umpires shall inform the Batsmen.

    8. LAW 6 - THE BAT

      Law 6.1 shall apply as modified :

      The bat overall shall not be more than 38 inches/96,5 cm in length ; the blade of the bat shall be made of wood, shall have a conventional "flat" face and shall not exceed 4 inches/10,8 cm at the widest part

    9. THE PITCH

      In addition to Law 7.2, the following will apply :

      Captains, Umpires, Referee and Groundsmen should co-operate to ensure that, prior to the start of any day's play, no-one bounces the ball on the pitch or strikes it with a bat to assess its condition or for any other reason, or causes damage to the pitch in any other way.

      Prior to the start of play on any day, only the Captain and team Coach may walk on the pitch to assess its condition. Spiked footwear is not permitted.

      Prior to the commencement of a day's play, one TV commentator and camera crew of the official licensed TV broadcaster/s (but not news crew) may be permitted to inspect the pitch and surrounds subject to the following :

      • a ball must not be bounced on the pitch
      • a key or knife may only be inserted in the pitch in the area between the popping and bowling creases

      In the event of any dispute, the Umpires in consultation with the United Cricket Board of South Africa will rule and their ruling will be final.

    10. LAW 9.2 - THE POPPING CREASE

      Law 9.2 shall apply, except that the reference to "a minimum of 6ft." shall be replaced by "a minimum of 15 yards" (13,72 metres).

    11. ROLLING, SWEEPING, MOWING

      10.1 - Rolling of the Pitch

      Law 10.1 will apply, but add the following sentence to the first paragraph :

      However, if in the opinion of the Umpires, the delay has had no significant effect upon the state of the pitch, they shall refuse any request for the rolling of the pitch.

      In addition, the Umpires are empowered to authorise the Groundsman to roll, sweep and otherwise treat the pitch by such manner and means which they, bearing in mind the advice of the Groundsman, consider will return the state of the pitch as near as possible to that pertaining when the choice of innings was made.

      10.3 (d) - Mowing of the Outfield

      The outfield shall be mown daily before play begins.

      10.6 - Maintenance of Foot-Holes

      Law 10.6 will apply but add :

      The Umpires shall see that wherever possible and whenever it is considered necessary, action is taken during all intervals in play to do whatever is practicable to improve the bowler's foot holes. As soon as possible after the conclusion of each day's play, bowlers foot holes will be repaired.

    12. LAW 11 - COVERING THE PITCH - BEFORE AND DURING A MATCH

      In place of Law 11.1 and 11.2, the following shall apply :

      In all matches, the pitch shall be entirely protected against rain up to the commencement of play and for the duration of the period of the match. It shall be wholly covered at the termination of each day's play or providing the weather is fine, within a period of two hours thereafter.

      The covers shall be removed no earlier than 5.00am and no later than 7.00am on each morning of the match provided it is not raining at the time, but they will be replaced if rain falls prior to the commencement of play.

      Note : the covers must totally protect the pitch and also the pitch surroundings, a minimum 5 metres either side of the pitch and any worn or soft areas in the outfield, as well as the bowler's run-ups to a distance of at least 10 x 10 metres.

      Attention is drawn to Law 3 Note (c) and Law 11.3.

    13. DRYING OF PITCH AND GROUND

      (a) Prior to tossing for choice of innings the artificial drying of the pitch and outfield shall be at the discretion of the Groundsman. Thereafter and throughout the match the drying of the outfield may be undertaken at any time by the Groundsman, but the drying of the affected area of the pitch shall be carried out only on the instructions and under the supervision of the Umpires. The Umpires shall be empowered to have the pitch dried without reference to the Captains at any time they are of the opinion that it is unfit for play.

      (b) The Umpires may instruct the Groundsman to use any available equipment, including any roller for the purpose of drying the pitch and making it fit for play.

      Note - an absorbent roller may be used to remove water from the covers including the cover on the match pitch.

    14. LAW 15.2 - PRACTICE ON THE FIELD

      At no time on any day of the match shall there be any bowling or batting practice on the pitch or the square, except in official netted practice pitch areas. In addition there shall be no bowling or batting practice on any part of the square or the area immediately parallel to the match pitch after the commencement of play on any day. Any fieldsman contravening this Law may not bowl his next over.

      No practice may take place on the field if, in the opinion of the Umpires, it could result in a waste of time.

    15. LAW 19 - BOUNDARIES

      15.1 The boundary shall be the rope inside the fence. The pitch shall be a minimum 60 yards (54,86 metres) from one boundary square of the pitch. When the minimum distance is used, the pitch has to be a minimum 80 yards (73,15 metres) from the opposite square boundary. The straight boundary at both ends of the pitch shall be a minimum of 60 yards (54,86 metres).

      If an unauthorised person enters the playing arena and handles the ball, the Umpire at the bowler's end shall be the sole judge of whether the boundary allowance should be scored and the ball be treated as still in play or called dead ball if a batsman is liable to be out as a result of the unauthorised person handling the ball.

      15.2 Sight screens shall be provided at both ends of all grounds. Advertising shall permitted on the sightscreens behind the striker, providing it is removed for the subsequent over from that end.

    16. LAW 22.7 - BOWLER INCAPACITATED OR SUSPENDED DURING AN OVER

      The following shall apply in place of Law 22.7 :

      If for any reason, a Bowler is incapacitated while running up to bowl the first ball of an over, or is incapacitated or suspended during an over, the Umpire shall call and signal "dead ball" and another bowler shall bowl or complete the over from the same end, provided only that he shall not bowl two overs, or part thereof, consecutively in one innings.

    17. LAW 24.1 - NO BALL - MODE OF DELIVERY

      Law 24.1 will apply except that the bowler may not deliver the ball underarm. If a bowler bowls a ball underarm the Umpire shall call and signal dead ball.

      In addition, the Umpire at the bowler's end shall call and signal "no ball" if a ball which the Umpire considers to have been delivered :

      (i) bounces more than twice or

      (ii) rolls along the ground or

      (iii) comes to rest

      before it reaches the striker or, if not otherwise played by the striker, before it reaches the popping crease. If the ball comes to rest in such circumstances, the Umpire will call No Ball and Law 25.3 shall apply.

    18. LAW 24.2 - FAIR DELIVERY - THE ARM

      Law 24.2 shall apply with the following :

      The Umpire shall also adopt the procedures of caution, final warning, action against the Bowler and reporting as set out in Law 42.8.

    19. LAW 24.8 - PENALTY

      Except as provided for in Clause 23 (the bowling of fast short pitched balls), Law 24.8 shall apply.

    20. LAW 24.8 AND 25.6 - NO BALL PENALTY AND RUNS RESULTING FROM A WIDE

      In addition, the following shall apply :

      No balls and wide balls not scored from shall be included in the bowling analysis of the bowler responsible.

    21. LAW 30 - BOWLED

      The following shall apply in place of Law 30.1 (b) :

      He plays the ball, or if it touches his person, then hits or kicks it into and breaks his wicket and in the Umpire's judgement an attempt to protect the wicket has been made, the striker will be given out on appeal - bowled. Completion of the stroke will not be considered if an attempt is made to protect the wicket. See Law 34.1 (Out - Hit the Ball Twice).

    22. HELMETS (AND PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT)

      In addition to Laws 23.1 (e), 32.2 (e), 38 Note (c) and 41.4 the following shall apply :

      The striker is out under this Law if the ball is deflected from his bat onto his own protective helmet and he is subsequently caught. Runs may be scored off deflections from the batsman's or fielder's helmet.

      A batsman may call for a helmet to be brought out to him at any time. He must then wear or carry it personally all the time while play is in progress, or can have it taken off the field at the end of an over or the fall of a wicket.

      In all cases, no actions involving helmets are to waste playing time. Umpires are not to hold helmets.

      The exchanging of protective equipment between members of the fielding side on the field shall be permitted provided that the Umpires do not consider that it constitutes a waste of playing time. A batsman may only change other items of protective equipment (e.g. batting gloves, etc.) provided that there is no waste of playing time.

    23. LAW 42.4 - (LIFTING THE SEAM) AND 42.5 - (CHANGING THE CONDITION OF THE BALL)

      In the event that a ball has been interfered with and requires replacement the batsman at the wicket shall choose the replacement ball from a selection of 6 other balls of various degrees of usage (including a new ball) and of the same brand as the ball in use prior to the contravention.

    24. LAW 42.8 - THE BOWLING OF FAST SHORT PITCHED BALLS

      24.1 Experimental Condition (3 Years from October 1994.

      (a) A bowler shall be limited to two fast short pitched deliveries per over.

      (b) A fast short pitched ball is defined as a ball which passes or would have passed above the shoulder height of the Batsman standing upright at the crease.

      (c) In the event of a bowler bowling more than two fast short pitched deliveries in an over, either umpire shall call and signal no ball on each occasion.

      (d) The penalty for a fast short pitched no ball shall be two runs, plus any runs scored from the delivery.

      (e) A differential signal shall be used to signify a fast short pitched delivery. The Umpire shall call and signal "no ball" and then raise the other arm across the chest.

      Where a bowler delivers a third fast short pitched ball in one over which is also a no-ball under Law 24 e.g. a front foot no-ball, the penalty will be 2 runs plus any runs scored from that delivery i.e. the greater penalty will apply.

      If a bowler delivers a third fast short pitched ball in an over, not only must the umpire call no ball, but he must invoke the procedures of Law 42.8 (a) in regard to cautioning the bowler.

      If a bowler is no balled a second time in the innings for the same offence, the umpire shall advise the bowler this is his final warning as provided for in Law 42.8 (b).

      A third such offence in the same innings shall cause the umpire to invoke Law 42.8 (d) i.e. the bowler shall be removed forthwith and cannot bowl again in that innings.

      The above Regulation is not a substitute for Law 42.8 (as amended below) which umpires are able to apply at any time.

      24.2 Law 42.8 (as amended experimentally)

      The bowling of fast short pitched balls is unfair if the Umpire at the Bowler's end considers that by their repetition and taking into account their length, height and direction, they are likely to inflict physical injury on the Striker, irrespective of the protective clothing and equipment he may be wearing. The relative skill of the Striker shall also be taken into consideration.

      In the event of such unfair bowling. the Umpire at the Bowler's end shall adopt the following procedure :

      (a) In the first instance the Umpire shall call and signal no ball, caution the Bowler and inform the other Umpire, the Captain of the fielding side and the Batsmen of what has occurred.

      (b) If this caution is ineffective, he shall repeat the above procedure and indicate to the Bowler that this is a final warning.

      (c) Both the above caution and final warning shall continue to apply even though the Bowler may later change ends.

      (d) Should the above warnings prove ineffective the Umpire at the Bowler's end shall :

      (i) At the first repetition call and signal no ball and when the ball is dead direct the Captain to take the Bowler off forthwith and to complete the over with another Bowler, provided that the Bowler does not bowl two overs or part thereof consecutively. See Law 22.7. (Bowler Incapacitated or Suspended during an Over).

      (ii) Not allow the Bowler, thus taken off, to bowl again in the same innings.

      (iii) Report the occurrence to the Captain of the batting side as soon as the Players leave the field for an interval.

      (iv) Report the occurrence to the Executive of the fielding side and to any governing body responsible for the match who shall take any further action which is considered to be appropriate against the Bowler concerned.

    25. LAW 42.9 - THE BOWLING OF FAST, HIGH, FULL PITCHED BALLS

      Law 42.9 shall be replaced by the following :

      The bowling of fast high full pitched balls is unfair.

      A fast high full pitched ball shall be defined as a ball that passes, or would have passed, on the full above waist height of the Batsman standing upright at the crease. Should a Bowler bowl a fast high pitched ball, either Umpire shall call and signal no ball.

      In the event of such unfair bowling the Umpire at the Bowler's end shall adopt the procedures of caution, final warning, action against the Bowler and reporting as set out in Law 42.8.

    26. LAW 42 NOTE (c) - DANGER AREA

      Law 42 Note (c) shall apply except that the reference to "4ft." shall be replaced by "5ft." (1,52 metres).

    27. "HITTING UP"

      Teams are required to observe Ground Authority regulations and to exercise the utmost care and caution when engaging in practice and pre-match warm-up and "hitting-up" activities so as to avoid the risk of injury to members of the public, damage to the centre wicket region and to perimeter fencing.




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    Date-stamped : 30 Jul97 - 02:25