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Laws of Cricket 1947 Code (Second Edition)
Law 19 - Scoring

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The score shall be reckoned by runs. A run is scored:
1st So often as the Batsmen after a hit, or at any time while the ball is in play, shall have crossed and made good their ground from end to end; but if either Batsman run a short run, the Umpire shall call and signal “One short” and that run shall not be scored. The striker being caught, no run shall be scored; a Batsman being run out, that run which was being attempted shall not be scored.
2nd For penalties under Laws 21, 27, 29, 44, and boundary allowances under Law 20.

NOTES ON LAW 19 [see original]

  1. If while the ball is in play, the batsmen have crossed in running, neither returns to the wicket he has left except in the case of a boundary hit, or under Laws 30 Note 1 and 46 Note 4 (vii). This rule applies even should a short run have been called, or should no run be reckoned as in the case of a catch.
  2. A run is "short" if either, or both, batsmen fail to make good their ground in turning for a further run. Although such a "short" run shortens the succeeding one, the latter, if completed, counts. Similarly a batsman taking stance in front of his popping crease may run from that point without penalty.
    1. One run only is deducted if both batsmen are short in one and the same run.
    2. Only if three or more runs are attempted can more than one run be "short" and then subject to (1) above, all runs so called shall be disallowed.
    3. If either or both batsmen deliberately run short, the umpire is justified in calling "dead bal" and disallowing any runs attempted or scored as soon as he sees that the fielding side have no chance of dismissing either batsman under the Laws.
  3. An umpire signals "short" runs when the ball becomes "Dead" by bending his arm upwards to touch the shoulder with the tips of the fingers. If there has been more than one "short" run, the umpires must instruct the scorers as to the number of runs disallowed (see note 1 to Law 4.)

Note 3(3) was added sometime late 1962 or early 1963.

Notes 2, 3 and 4 originally stated:
  1. At his own risk the striker may take guard and play the ball in front of the popping crease; should he attempt to run from that point, the umpire does not call “One short”.
  2. If two or more runs are attempted, only one run is deducted on a call of “One short”, even though both batsmen may have failed to complete the same run, and although the failure of a batsman to complere a run shortens the run immediately following.
  3. The umpire signals “One short” by bending an arm upwards to touch the shoulder with the tips of the fingers.
They were changed during 1953 or early 1954 to read as above.

Reproduction of the Laws of Cricket is by kind permission of Marylebone Cricket Club