2003 World Cup in South Africa, New Zealand's World Cup cricket development
New Zealand had reasonable cause to feel some confidence going into the inaugural event. They had been playing limited overs cricket often since the late 1960s. Australia needed some extra numbers for their domestic one-day game and New Zealand was invited to take part in what were a variety of differently named tournaments.
It started out as the Vehicle and General Insurance Company's knock-out tournament in December-January 1969/70. Games were played over 40 eight-ball overs. New Zealand came into the tournament in the semi-final stage and dismissed New South Wales at the Sydney Cricket Ground for 150, Hedley Howarth taking five wickets for 25 runs off 5.7 overs. New Zealand lost six wickets in scoring 153, anchored by Brian Hastings who finished 56 not out.
In the second game, the final, New Zealand played Victoria at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Victoria scored 129, Howarth again performing superbly to take three for 26 off eight overs. Bob Cunis took three for 25 from his eight overs. New Zealand replied with130/4, thanks mainly to 69 to Bevan Congdon and 34 not out from Barry Sinclair.
A year later in the same tournament, New Zealand were beaten in the semi-final against Western Australia. Batting first they were all out for 120, Ken Wadsworth scoring 40 and Graham Dowling 27. John Inverarity was unbeaten on 53 as Western Australia got home by three wickets.
Coca-Cola sponsored the next tournament in 1971/72 when a second string New Zealand side was sent as a result of the first choice team being in the West Indies.
Playing Victoria at the semi-final level again, the Victorians scored 232/7. Rodney Redmond led the New Zealand response with 69 at the top of the order but that was the only sizeable score as New Zealand were all out for 156.
A change of scenery proved useful in the 1972/73 season and at the Adelaide Oval, New Zealand scored 190 with a 100-run partnership for the sixth wicket between Graham Vivian (53) and Ken Wadsworth (51) making up the bulk of the scoring. Left-arm spinner David O'Sullivan, who was a late replacement on the tour for Hedley Howarth, took four for 26 as the home side were all out for 137.
The final was played against Queensland in Brisbane. Captain Bevan Congdon played the vital hand scoring 75 and seeing New Zealand to 170 all out. O'Sullivan and Cunis got among the home team to take three wickets each in dismissing the Queenslanders for 132.
After New Zealand's first full scale tour of Australia in 1973/74, the side took part in what had become the Gillette Cup knock-out competition. They played South Australia first up and scored 217, with Turner top scoring with 47 but only John Parker failed to make double figures. Richard Hadlee and Brian Andrews did the early damage taking three for 30 and two for 37 respectively as South Australia were all out for 177.
The final was staged at the Melbourne Cricket Ground against Western Australia. Batting first New Zealand struggled to be all out for 150, the side being 60/6 before John Morrison scored 50 with support from Wadsworth (21) and Richard Hadlee (30).
The Western Australian batsmen took to the New Zealand bowling, racing to 151/3 off 26.6 overs.
The last occasion in which New Zealand took part in the series was in 1974/74. They played Tasmania at Melbourne. Tasmania were all out for 176 and New Zealand scored 177/3 with Geoff Howarth scoring 72.
They then repeated the final from the year before, and turned the result around, sensationally as it turned out.
Western Australia were all out for 76 after being 26/8 at one stage. Richard Collinge took four for 20 and Ewen Chatfield gave an early indication of what he would later offer New Zealand by taking three wickets for five runs.
New Zealand responded by scoring 77/2 with Bevan Congdon scoring 40 not out and Jock Edwards and Brian Hastings 12 each.
That was to be the end of the participation in these events, as the World Cup later in the year lifted the profile of the one-day game.
It had been an important element in the development of the New Zealand game. While it was only one-day cricket, it was increased contact with Australia for New Zealand players, much as Australian rugby was later to use contact with New Zealand provincial sides to lift their status.
And New Zealand had proved adept at the one-day game, something the Australians were not prepared to acknowledge before the 1980/81 World Series Cup in Australia.
But as a result of the constant contact, New Zealand went to the inaugural World Cup in 1975 with a fair knowledge of what, in the standards of the time, was required to win at one-day level. These were 60 over matches in the early years.
WORLD CUP 1975
New Zealand v East Africa NZ won by 181 runs
There's nothing like laying down the law from the outset, but that is what New Zealand captain Glenn Turner did in the first game of the 1975 World Cup for his side. Turner won the toss and batted first, celebrating the occasion by batting throughout the 60 overs matches were played under initially for his 171 not out - still the highest score by a New Zealander in a World Cup innings. New Zealand scored 309 for five wickets and then confined East Africa to 128 for eight wickets, with Dayle Hadlee taking three for 21 and Hedley Howarth three for 29.
It was a more realistic story in the next game though, against England. Keith Fletcher, who had been enjoying a good run against New Zealand at Test level, having scored 178 and 81 in respective innings in the 1973 series in England and then 216 at Auckland in 1974/75, continued on his way by scoring 131 in England's 266 for six wickets, Richard Collinge being the best of the New Zealanders with two for 43 from his 12 overs. New Zealand could only manage 186 in reply, John Morrison top-scoring with 55 and Brian McKechnie next on the board with 27.
New Zealand's next game, against India, was basically the semi-final decider. India won the toss and batted first but apart from Anshuman Gaekwad, who scored 37, the vaunted top order didn't really fire. It was left to Abid Ali to score 70 to lift India to 230 after Dayle Hadlee took three for 32 and Brian McKechnie three for 49. New Zealand too, suffered some hiccups in their early batting, but with Turner pacing himself to 114 not out and two half century partnerships with Brian Hastings (34) and Richard Hadlee (22), New Zealand won with seven balls to spare.
A match against the West Indies at the traditionally fast and bouncy Oval was always going to be difficult for New Zealand, and so it proved. Despite reaching 98 for one wicket, the Kiwis collapsed abysmally as Bernard Julien with four for 27 and Vanburn Holder three for 30 ripped through the middle and lower-order to dismiss New Zealand for 158 in 52.2 overs. Geoff Howarth scored 51 and Turner 36, but Hastings was left high and dry on 24 not out. Collinge did cause a minor flutter through the West Indian middle-order when claiming both batsmen from the 125-run second wicket partnership, Gordon Greenidge for 55 and Alvin Kallicharran for 72. It will be recalled that the West Indies went on to win the inaugural World Cup.
WORLD CUP 1979
New Zealand v Sri Lanka NZ won by nine wickets
The cricket world was a much different place when the second World Cup started. The World Series Cricket phenomenon had been and gone, but the face of the game was changed forever. New Zealand were captained by Mark Burgess.
New Zealand had been making the transition from the side that competed in the first Cup and were just about to begin their great era of the 1980s. More players were involved in county cricket and there was a more complete look to the side. This was the only time that Turner made himself available for New Zealand between 1977 and 1982. They accounted for Sri Lanka, still a Test outsider, in their first game. It wasn't so much the fire and brimstone of Richard Hadlee and Gary Troup that undid the Sri Lankans, rather it was the medium-pace of Brian McKechnie, Warren Stott and Lance Cairns that did the damage. McKechnie took three for 25 and Stott three for 48.
Once John Wright was out for 34, Turner and Howarth batted New Zealand through to a nine-wicket win with Turner 83 not out and Howarth 63 not out.
New Zealand won the toss and asked India to bat first in their next match and apart from Sunil Gavaskar's 55, scored in 44 overs, there was little else of substance in the Indian batting. Hadlee and Troup took two wickets each and McKechnie and Cairns three wickets apiece. Again the New Zealand lower-order were not required in the chase as Wright and Bruce Edgar added 100 runs for their opening stand. Cairns added three runs with Wright and then Turner, batting at No 4 helped Edgar see the side home by eight wickets.
New Zealand then met the West Indies in a game that was only going to decide who finished first and second in the group. Greenidge with 65 provided solidity at the top of the order when the West Indies batted first and Clive Lloyd's unbeaten 73 allowed the side to reach 244 for seven wickets. New Zealand were going well at 90 for two but the loss of wickets meant they fell behind the pace. Richard Hadlee's 42 was the highest score, although Jeremy Coney 36 and Mark Burgess 35 offered some support. But New Zealand reached the 60-over mark with only 212 runs and the West Indies were able to finish top of the group.
That left New Zealand to meet England at Old Trafford. Mike Brearley battled hard for England, scoring 53 in 34 overs while Graham Gooch, batting at No 4, scored 71. Derek Randall was 42 not out as England scored 221 for eight wickets. John Wright scored 69 at the top of New Zealand's order but lacked a long-standing partner to give the innings the winning impetus and New Zealand fell 10 runs short of their goal.
WORLD CUP 1983
New Zealand v England England won by 106 runs
More games were involved in this third World Cup with each team playing each other twice in the preliminary rounds.
At the third World Cup, New Zealand faced up to England, for what must have seemed like the 100th time in the last 12 months. The two sides had played in the World Series with Australia during the southern winter, then the English had toured New Zealand for three matches in which they were on the receiving end from the home team. But England were pumped up for this game. They batted first after winning the toss and scored 322 for six in their 60 overs with Allan Lamb hitting 102 off 103 balls. The main recipient of his batting wrath was Martin Snedden who became the first bowler to concede 100 runs in a World Cup match. Martin Crowe fared little better with 51 off his six overs. Crowe at least responded with 97 when batting but it was the only effort of significance as New Zealand were all out for 216, Bob Willis having taken two for nine off seven overs. In their second meeting, however, England were constrained by Richard Hadlee (three for 32) and Lance Cairns (three for 44) and scored only 234. Geoff Howarth scored 60 and Jeremy Coney 66 not out in New Zealand's reply and New Zealand won with a ball to spare by two wickets.
Batting first against Pakistan in their first game, New Zealand scored 238 for nine wickets with leg-spinner Abdul Qadir demonstrating his wares with four for 21 off 12 overs. But Pakistan's response started miserably with three wickets down without a run on the board. Hadlee had Mohsin Khan and Zaheer Abbas in his first over. Then in the next over, bowled by Lance Cairns, Mudassar Nazar was well caught by Warren Lees for a duck and few teams win from that position. Pakistan were all out for 186. It was a different story in their second match, the last of the preliminary rounds where the second qualifier from the section would be known. Abbas scored 103 not out to take his revenge from the first match and Imran Khan was 79 not out as Pakistan scored 261 for three wickets. New Zealand had scores right through the innings but not an innings of control Coney scored 51,Crowe 43, Howarth 39 and John Bracewell 34, but they were all out for 250 and with their slightly superior run rate, Pakistan went through.
If there was any game that undid the New Zealanders it was their second match against Sri Lanka. Having won the first game when Sri Lanka were all out for 206, thanks to five for 25 by Hadlee, New Zealand romped home in the 40th over by five wickets with Howarth 76, Turner 50 and Wright 45, New Zealand found themselves on the end of a green wicket in steamy conditions. At 116 for nine wickets they were in the donger, but Martin Snedden's 40 and Ewen Chatfield's 19 at least got them to 181. However, Brendan Kuruppu and Roy Dias scored 62 and 64 respectively to get Sri Lanka home by three wickets. That lost cost New Zealand their semi-final chance.
WORLD CUP 1987
New Zealand v Zimbabwe New Zealand won by three runs
New Zealand were without Hadlee at the first World Cup played outside England, at the home of the defending champions. His was a costly absence although this remains probably the worst of New Zealand's World Cups. Each team played each other twice again, but the matches were of 50 over duration for the first time.
The opening game for the New Zealanders was almost their most embarrassing in the Cup. New Zealand were asked to bat first against Zimbabwe and a surprise occurred when Martin Snedden opened the batting as a pinch hitter which proved effective as New Zealand scored 59 for the first wicket. Snedden, who scored 64 was eventually out at 143. Martin Crowe scored 72 but it was symptomatic of the side that they could only manage 242 for seven wickets. They must have thought they were cruising when Zimbabwe slumped to 104 for seven wickets. But they reckoned without the fine batsmanship of David Houghton who scored 141 during a 117-run eighth wicket stand with Iain Butchart. Houghton was finally out courtesy of one of the better catches Crowe made in his career. Zimbabwe arrived at the last over with six runs needed and the last pair at the wicket. It was bowled by Stephen Boock and with only two runs in the first four balls, panic occurred and Butchart was run out with Zimbabwe four runs short. In their next match, New Zealand was pushed closely again, but thanks to Jeff Crowe's 88 not out, and Martin Crowe's 58 the Kiwis got home by four wickets.
These were the only two games won. In the first game against India, Navjot Sidhu 75 and Kapil Dev 72 not out hit their team to 252 for seven wickets to which New Zealand could only reply with 236 for eight wickets, thanks largely to Ken Rutherford's 75, 64 to Andrew Jones and 33 to Martin Snedden, opening the innings again. In the second match there was a string of starts made but Dipak Patel's 40 was the best in 221 for nine wickets, which wasn't enough with Sunil Gavaskar, 103 not out, and Kris Srikkanth 75 putting on 136 for the first wicket in 17 overs of mayhem.
Australia accounted for New Zealand twice, the first occasion by three runs in a 30-over match in which New Zealand scored 196 for nine in reply to Australia's 199 for four, but with only seven runs needed off the last over, New Zealand could only reflect on a lost opportunity, Martin Crowe and Ian Smith were dismissed off the first two balls bowled in that over by Steve Waugh. The second game was dominated by Geoff Marsh who scored 126 not out, and Dean Jones 56. Theirs were the only major contributions in a total of 251 for eight wickets. Apart from Wright's 61, Rutherford's 44 and 32 from Snedden at the top of the order, New Zealand fell 17 runs short of Australia's total.
WORLD CUP 1992
New Zealand v Australia NZ won by 37 runs
Of all the World Cups to date, this had to be the most satisfying for New Zealand. Their performance, in its own way, honoured the tenacity of the past-chairman of New Zealand Cricket, Bob Vance, who had pushed for the tournament to be jointly hosted with Australia. It was the purest of World Cups, every team played each other once.
New Zealand regard for the tournament is always tempered by the very special month the home team enjoyed. They had been hammered by England in a Test and one-day series just before the tournament, but on opening day, against Australia, they turned on a switch that held the nation breathless as they worked their way closer and closer to a place in the final.
There was innovation, something that is synonymous with under-resourced New Zealand sport, there was form, especially from skipper Martin Crowe who was to be named the player of the tournament after his sublime batting. But there was also excitement in the shape of block-busting opening batsman Mark Greatbatch whose consistent power-hitting set new standards at the top of the order.
The win over Australia was especially satisfying, it always is, but the seven wicket thrashing of South Africa, who had just beaten Australia themselves in their opening game of the Cup, was unbelievable as Greatbatch and Rod Latham scored 114 runs for the first wicket in 18 overs, with the 191 for victory being achieved in 34.3 overs. So too, the West Indies when 67 were scored for the first wicket as Greatbatch flogged balls from Curtly Ambrose and Malcolm Marshall for six runs in the five-wicket win.
But just when it seemed the final was in the bag, with Pakistan 140 for five wickets and only 15 overs left, an innocent-looking Inzamam-ul-Haq chose Eden Park to burst onto the world scene with a thrilling 50 off 31 balls to get Pakistan back in the chase, a challenge that was undertaken by Javed Miandad and Moin Khan to get Pakistan through to the final that they would win over England.
New Zealand v England NZ won by 11 runs
New Zealand's campaign in the jointly-hosted 1996 World Cup got off to a dazzling start with a Nathan Astle-inspired victory over an experienced but unco-ordinated England team. Astle scored 101 in New Zealand's 239 for six wickets while only Graeme Hick responded in England's total of 228 for nine wickets. Hick scored 85 before being run out using a runner. The New Zealanders then had batting practice against the Netherlands while taking a 119-run victory.
A poor effort against South Africa left New Zealand floundering, and while they were assured of a quarter-final place, the final placing determined who they were likely to face. A victory over the United Arab Emirates was a momentary boost, but a 46-run loss to Pakistan, in a match where the New Zealanders lost the services of their most experienced bowler Danny Morrison to a groin injury, meant they were to face Australia in the quarter-finals.
It would take something special for New Zealand to head the Aussies who had achieved a remarkable run of dominance over the New Zealanders in recent times. Lee Germon and Chris Harris, in what was one of the finest moments in New Zealand World Cup history, almost did that in their 168-run stand for the fourth wicket. Germon, batting at No 3 scored 89 while Harris would achieve the only century of his long ODI career and carry on to 130 before falling to Shane Warne's bowling. New Zealand's lower-order failed to make the most of the opportunity and there had to be disappointment when only managing to score 286 for nine wickets. A score in excess of 300 runs would have been a back-breaker for the Aussies.
As it was, Mark Waugh played a superb innings, enjoying profitable stands with Ricky Ponting (65), Shane Warne (43) and Steve Waugh (96) before Steve Waugh and Stuart Law completed the victory. Australia went on to lose to Sri Lanka in the final.
WORLD CUP 1999
New Zealand v Bangladesh NZ won by six wickets
Of all the World Cups, New Zealand's start in 1999 was probably the most comfortable, against Bangladesh who had no answer to the restored hostility of left-arm fast bowler Geoff Allott and the nagging accuracy of Gavin Larsen. They were dismissed for 116 and New Zealand replied with 117 for four in a leisurely 33 overs.
That set the scene for the much tougher match against Australia in Cardiff, a town where rugby-playing New Zealanders used to be regarded as mortal foe. But it proved an ideal setting for payback time for 1995. Darren Lehmann scored 76 for Australia, and Ricky Ponting during a 94-run third-wicket stand. Bits and pieces of runs were added while Allott worked his magic in taking four for 37 in 10 overs, and Larsen bowled 10 overs and gave up only 26 runs. New Zealand's reply did not start well with four wickets down for 49 runs. But then Roger Twose and Chris Cairns restored fortunes in New Zealand's favour with a 148-run stand for the fifth wicket. Cairns was out for 60 with victory in sight and Twose saw New Zealand home to finish on 80 not out.
The Kiwis were soon brought back to earth by the West Indies who dismissed them for 156 and with Ridley Jacobs celebrating five catches with the wicket-keeping gloves by scoring 80 not out with the bat, the West Indies cruised in by seven wickets. Pakistan repeated the does after scoring 269 for eight, with Allott again taking four wickets, but fast man Shoaib Akhtar destroyed the top-order and New Zealand struggled through their 50 overs to end with 207 for eight.
With run rates coming into play in the match against Scotland, New Zealand did themselves a big favour by dismissing the Scots for 121, Allott three for 15 and Chris Harris four for seven. That left New Zealand with 20.5 overs in which to finish with a run rate above the West Indies. Australia had done everything in their favour to ensure New Zealand couldn't make it, but all to no avail. New Zealand raced home in 17.5 overs for a six wicket win.
A rained-out super six match with Zimbabwe gave New Zealand one point, but a 176-run opening stand by Herschelle Gibbs (91) and Gary Kirsten (82) for South Africa, left New Zealand needing to score 288 runs to win. They scored 213 for eight and were left needing to beat India to take a place in the Cup semi-finals.
India, batted first and scored 251 for six but saw New Zealand build their innings comfortably with Matt Horne coming to light with 74 runs at the top of the order and Twose again being unbeaten at the end on 60 to get home in the penultimate over by five wickets.
For the second time in three World Cups, New Zealand were to be undone by Pakistan. This time it wasn't the batsmen, but fast man Shoaib Akhtar who might have gone for 55 runs, but along the way he picked up Astle, Fleming and Harris. The score of 241 for seven was still competitive but with Saeed Anwar hitting 113 not out and Wajahatullah Wasti 84 in an opening stand of 194, Pakistan got through to the final by scoring 242 for one wicket in 47.3 overs.
Pakistan went on to be soundly beaten themselves by eight wickets by Australia.
MOST RUNS Name Mat I NO Runs HS Ave 100 50 Ct St MD Crowe 21 21 5 880 100* 55.00 1 8 8 - GM Turner 14 14 4 612 171* 61.20 2 2 2 - RG Twose 15 15 5 493 92 49.30 - 4 5 - JG Wright 18 18 0 493 69 27.38 - 3 4 - KR Rutherford 14 12 2 416 75 41.60 - 4 5 - AH Jones 13 13 2 416 78 37.81 - 4 3 - SP Fleming 15 15 1 401 69 28.64 - 2 5 - GP Howarth 11 11 1 374 76 37.40 - 4 2 - CL Cairns 20 17 6 342 60 31.09 - 2 13 - CZ Harris 22 14 2 315 130 26.25 1 - 7 - BEST BATTING AVERAGE Name Mat I NO Runs HS Ave 100 50 Ct St LK Germon 6 6 3 191 89 63.66 - 1 2 1 GM Turner 14 14 4 612 171* 61.20 2 2 2 - MD Crowe 21 21 5 880 100* 55.00 1 8 8 - RG Twose 15 15 5 493 92 49.30 - 4 5 - EJ Chatfield 13 8 7 45 19* 45.00 - - 2 - MJ Greatbatch 7 7 0 313 73 44.71 - 3 4 - KR Rutherford 14 12 2 416 75 41.60 - 4 5 - JV Coney 10 8 2 244 66* 40.66 - 2 4 - AH Jones 13 13 2 416 78 37.81 - 4 3 - GP Howarth 11 11 1 374 76 37.40 - 4 2 - HIGHEST SCORES 171* Glenn Turner v East Africa at Birmingham, 1975 130 Chris Harris v Australia at Madras, 1996 114* Glenn Turner v India at Manchester, 1975 101 Nathan Astle v England at Ahmedabad, 1996 100* Martin Crowe v Australia at Auckland, 1992 97 Martin Crowe v England at The Oval, 1983 92 Roger Twose v UAEmirates at Faisalabad, 1996 91 Martin Crowe v Pakistan at Auckland, 1992 89 Lee Germon v Australia at Madras, 1996 88* Jeff Crowe v Zimbabwe at Calcutta, 1987 MOST WICKETS Name M R W Ave Best 4w 5w SR Econ CZ Harris 22 732 30 24.40 4-7 1 - 31.8 4.59 RJ Hadlee 13 421 22 19.13 5-25 - 1 39.8 2.88 GI Allott 9 325 20 16.25 4-37 2 - 26.3 3.70 W Watson 14 571 19 30.05 3-37 - - 41.6 4.32 GR Larsen 19 598 18 33.22 3-16 - - 56.6 3.51 CL Cairns 20 701 16 43.81 3-19 - - 52.0 5.05 BL Cairns 11 436 14 31.14 3-36 - - 49.4 3.78 EJ Chatfield 13 524 14 37.42 2-24 - - 56.3 3.98 BJ McKechnie 8 304 13 23.38 3-24 - - 41.4 3.38 DN Patel 17 555 13 42.69 3-36 - - 64.6 3.96 BEST BOWLING FIGURES: 5/25 RJ Hadlee v Sri Lanka at Bristol, 1983 4/7 CZ Harris v Scotland at Edinburgh, 1999 4/37 GI Allott v Australia at Cardiff, 1999 4/64 GI Allott v Pakistan at Derby, 1999 3/15 GI Allott v Scotland at Edinburgh, 1999 3/15 CZ Harris v Zimbabwe at Napier, 1991/92 3/16 GR Larsen v Zimbabwe at Napier, 1991/92 3/19 CL Cairns v Bangladesh at Chelmsford, 1999 3/19 GR Larsen v Bangladesh at Chelmsford, 1999 3/20 SA Thomson v United Arab Emirates at Faisalabad, 1995/96 Partnerships: 1st 114 MJ Greatbatch and RT Latham v South Africa Auckland 29/02/1992 2nd 126* GM Turner and GP Howarth v Sri Lanka Nottingham 09/06/1979 3rd 149 GM Turner and JM Parker v East Africa Birmingham 07/06/1975 4th 168 LK Germon and CZ Harris v Australia Chennai 11/03/1996 5th 148 RG Twose and CL Cairns v Australia Cardiff 20/05/1999 6th 46 JV Coney and MD Crowe v Pakistan Birmingham 11/06/1983 7th 82 SP Fleming and CZ Harris v Pakistan Derby 28/05/1999 8th 48 BJ McKechnie and DR Hadlee v England Nottingham 11/06/1975 9th 59 JV Coney and JG Bracewell v Pakistan Nottingham 20/06/1983 10th 65 MC Snedden and EJ Chatfield v Sri Lanka Derby 18/06/1983